myMalaysiabooks shares with you the history of
On this Page: Ancient Malaya .
British Malaya .
Japanese Occupation .
Bone and artefacts discoveries at caves in
Sarawak and Perak confirm modern human habitation in the Malaysian
peninsular dates to 10,000 to 40,000 years ago.
Archaeological evidence shows that peninsular
Malaya inhabited for at least 6,000 to 8,000 years.
Early inhabitants of the Malay peninsular were mainly nomadic hunters,
farmers and fisherman.
Small Malayan kingdoms is said to
have flourished around the 2nd or 3rd century
AD, a time when Indian
traders, priests and Buddhist missionaries began travelling to the
region. The most significant evidence of a
Kingdom is found around Kedah Peak – at the
Malaysia. Kedah Peak (Gunung Jerai) served as the navigational point and a transit
centre for traders awaiting the changing of the monsoon winds. The
kingdom soon came under the influence of SriVijaya and Siam [Details in History of Kedah].
While Chinese and Indian products of silk and spices were traded,
the jungle and land provided the resource for trade by the locals.
The Malay peninsular was an international maritime centre and source
of gold and tin. Seafarers and settlers soon populated Malaya. Islam soon filtered into the region, brought mainly by Arab
and Indian merchants.
The importance of
Kedah waned with the
fame of Malacca (Melaka) – located at the narrowest tip of the Straits
of Malacca. This lured Europeans to the region and the Portuguese captured Malacca in 1511. Acehnese attacked and
exerted influenced on many of the Malay states. The Dutch and British
soon came to the region and
Siam controlled most of the northern states.
of Melaka and
History of Kedah